There are two varieties of cantaloupe: the American and European. That should be simple enough! The photo here is the American version.
Christopher Columbus is credited to having introduced the cantaloupe to the American indians in the 1490s. We have been eating cantaloupes on this North American continent ever since!
Back in 1700, the Armenias brought cantaloupe seeds to Italy, which were then grown in a small town called Cantalupo. The French referred to this fruit as "cantaloup." Finally, the Anglicans just had to add an "E" at the end of the word, so that now the fruit is currently known as "cantaloupE."
Both the European and American cantaloupe are, believe it or not, related to the squash fruits -- including pumpkins. The cantaloupe (as well as watermelon and honey dew melon) is just the sweet variety where you could eat it without gagging. Ever tried to eat a pumpkin or butternut squash raw? Me neither!
The cantaloupe is highest in vitamin A and beta carotene (which could also turn into vitamin A when consumed) due to its intense orange fresh.